The Country Reports on Niger, Serbia, Tunisia and Turkey are now available online.
Niger Country Report
Bachirou Ayouba Tinni , Abdoulaye Hamadou , Thomas Spijkerboer
This report analyses the political, legal and financial instruments through which the EU and Niger cooperated in the field of asylum between 2015 and 2021. The analysis is based on a document review, a literature review and 19 interviews with actors involved in asylum in Niger (Annex 1). …
Serbia Country Report
Olga Djurovic, Rados Djurovic, Thomas Spijkerboer
The EU’s role in managing migration and asylum in Serbia has been increasingly gaining in significance since 2015, linked with increasing EU funding (in particular Pre-Accession funding and the Madad Fund) to Serbia. Thus, the EU is becoming the dominant initiator of developments in the field of Serbian migration, asylum, and border management policies, and directly influences the commitment of state institutions thereto. ….
Tunisia Country Report
Fatma Raach, Hiba Sha’ath, Thomas Spijkerboer
Before giving a more detailed overview of the findings, one overarching finding merits attention. The most significant factor undermining the protection of vulnerable populations in Tunisia is the absence of a national asylum law specifying the state’s legal obligations towards refugees and asylum seekers on its territory, and transferring responsibility for refugee status determination to the state. …
Turkey Country Report
Gamze Ovacık, Meltem Ineli-Ciger, Orçun Ulusoy, Thomas Spijkerboer
This report analyses the political, legal and financial instruments through which the EU and Turkey have cooperated in the field of migration and asylum between 2015 and 2021. The analysis is based on document analysis, a literature review and stakeholder interviews. The analysis focuses on the three main instruments: the EU-Turkey Statement of March 2016, the EU-Turkey Readmission Agreement, and the Facility for Refugees in Turkey (FRiT). The instruments are analyzed on six points. …